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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Homotypic dimerization of the actin-binding protein p57/coronin-1 mediated by a leucine zipper motif in the C-terminal region.

The actin-binding protein p57/coronin-1, a member of the coronin protein family, is selectively expressed in immune cells, and has been implicated in leucocyte migration and phagocytosis by virtue of its interaction with F-actin (filamentous actin). We previously identified two sites in the N-terminal region of p57/coronin-1 by which it binds actin, and in the present study we examine the role of the leucine zipper motif located in the C-terminal coiled-coil domain in mediating the homotypic association of p57/coronin-1. Recombinant p57/coronin-1 protein in solution formed a homodimer, as analysed by Superose 12 column chromatography and by sucrose density gradient centrifugation. In vivo, a truncated form consisting of the C-terminal coiled-coil domain co-precipitated with full-length p57/coronin-1 when both were co-expressed in COS-1 cells. A chimaeric construct composed of the C-terminal domain of p57/coronin-1 (which lacks the actin-binding sites) fused with green fluorescent protein co-localized with cortical F-actin-rich regions in COS-1 cells only when full-length p57/coronin-1 was expressed simultaneously in the cells, suggesting that the C-terminal region is required for the homotypic association of p57/coronin-1. Furthermore, p57LZ, a polypeptide consisting of the C-terminal 90 amino acid residues of p57/coronin-1, was sufficient for dimerization. When two leucine residues out of the four that constitute the leucine zipper structure in p57LZ or full-length p57 were replaced with alanine residues, the mutants failed to form homodimers. Taken together, these results demonstrate that p57/coronin-1 forms homodimers, that the association is mediated by the leucine zipper structure in the C-terminal region, and that it plays a role in the cross-linking of F-actin in the cell.[1]


  1. Homotypic dimerization of the actin-binding protein p57/coronin-1 mediated by a leucine zipper motif in the C-terminal region. Oku, T., Itoh, S., Ishii, R., Suzuki, K., Nauseef, W.M., Toyoshima, S., Tsuji, T. Biochem. J. (2005) [Pubmed]
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