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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

P-glycoprotein and surfactants: effect on intestinal talinolol absorption.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Surfactants used in pharmaceutical formulations can modulate drug absorption by multiple mechanisms including inhibition of intestinal P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Our objective was to analyze the effect of 2 surfactants with different affinity for P-gp in vitro on the intestinal absorption and bioavailability of the P-gp substrate talinolol in humans. METHODS: In vitro, the influence of surfactants on talinolol permeability was studied in Caco-2 cells. In vivo, an open-label 3-way crossover study with 9 healthy male volunteers was performed. Subjects were intubated with a 1-lumen nasogastrointestinal tube. The study solution, containing either talinolol (50 mg), talinolol and D-alpha-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) (0.04%), or talinolol and Poloxamer 188 (0.8%), was administered through the tube. RESULTS: TPGS, but not Poloxamer 188, inhibited the P-gp-mediated talinolol transport in Caco-2 cells. In healthy volunteers TPGS increased the area under the plasma concentration-time curve with extrapolation to infinity (AUC 0-infinity ) of talinolol by 39% (90% confidence interval, 1.10-1.75) and the maximum plasma concentration (C max) by 100% (90% confidence interval, 1.39-2.88). Poloxamer 188 did not significantly alter the AUC 0-infinity or C max of talinolol. CONCLUSIONS: This in vivo intraduodenal perfusion study showed that low concentrations of TPGS, close to the concentrations that showed P-gp inhibition in vitro, significantly increased the bioavailability of talinolol. The study design excluded modulation of solubility by TPGS and unspecific surfactant-related effects. The latter was supported by the absence of modulation of the talinolol pharmacokinetics by Poloxamer 188, which does not modulate P-gp. Therefore we consider intestinal P-gp inhibition by TPGS as the major underlying mechanism for the increase in talinolol bioavailability.[1]


  1. P-glycoprotein and surfactants: effect on intestinal talinolol absorption. Bogman, K., Zysset, Y., Degen, L., Hopfgartner, G., Gutmann, H., Alsenz, J., Drewe, J. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. (2005) [Pubmed]
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