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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution, and excretion of sitafloxacin, a new fluoroquinolone antibiotic, in rats, dogs, and monkeys.

The pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution and excretion of sitafloxacin (CAS 127254-12-0, DU-6859a) were investigated in rats, dogs, and monkeys following single intravenous or single oral administration of 14C-labelled sitafloxacin at a dose of 4.69 mg/kg. Following single administration of the oral dose, serum concentrations of radioactivity peaked at 0.5 h in rats, 2.3 h in dogs, and 2.5 h in monkeys. The apparent absorption ratios of 14C-sitafloxacin based on the AUC0-infinity were 31%, 51%, and 93% in rats, dogs, and monkeys, respectively. In rats, the drug-related radioactivity had been distributed to most organs and tissues 30 min after oral dosing, and had been essentially eliminated after 24 h. The highest levels of radioactivity were observed in the kidneys and liver, whereas the concentrations in the cerebrum and spinal cord were much lower than the serum value. The urinary recoveries of radioactivity after intravenous dosing were 45.5 % in rats, 32.3 % in dogs, and 77.8 % in monkeys. In bile duct-cannulated rats, 57.8 % of the orally administered radioactivity was excreted in the bile within 48 h, and at least 45 % of the sitafloxacin-related material secreted in the bile was re-absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. These results indicate that sitafloxacin is rapidly absorbed and widely distributed into various tissues. Sitafloxacin-related material is eliminated primarily through both renal and biliary excretion in rats, and possibly in dogs, whereas renal excretion is the major route of elimination in monkeys.[1]


  1. Pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution, and excretion of sitafloxacin, a new fluoroquinolone antibiotic, in rats, dogs, and monkeys. Tachibana, M., Tanaka, M., Mitsugi, K., Jin, Y., Takaichi, M., Okazaki, O. Arzneimittel-Forschung. (2004) [Pubmed]
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