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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Macrophage inflammatory protein-3alpha promotes pancreatic cancer cell invasion.

BACKGROUND: Human CC chemokine Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-3alpha (MIP-3alpha) directs inflammatory cell migration through its binding to the transmembrane receptor CCR6. MIP-3alpha has recently been shown to promote tumor cell migration in pancreatic adenocarcinoma by up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). We hypothesized that MIP-3alpha promotes pancreatic cancer invasion through the up-regulation of MMP-9, a Type 4 collagenase. MATERIALS, METHODS, AND RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR confirmed the presence of MIP-3alpha in PANC-1 cells, a human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell line. MIP-3alpha stimulated the production of both latent and active forms of MMP-9 in PANC-1 by Western analysis. Tumor cell invasion was then evaluated using a modified Boyden chamber invasion assay. MIP-3alpha promoted a dose-dependent increase in pancreatic cancer cell invasion (P < 0.05) at 100 ng/ml. The activity at the putative MIP-3alpha receptor, CCR6, was demonstrated by receptor blockade. Anti-CCR6 antibody and anti-MMP-9 antibody inhibited MIP-3alpha-stimulated PANC-1 cell invasion of collagen to 37% and 35% of control, respectively (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MIP-3alpha, through its CCR6 receptor, promotes tumor cell invasion by the up-regulation of MMP-9. Molecular based therapy aimed at the inhibition of MIP-3alpha activity through the CCR6 receptor may serve as a future target to prevent tumor cell invasion in pancreatic adenocarcinoma.[1]


  1. Macrophage inflammatory protein-3alpha promotes pancreatic cancer cell invasion. Campbell, A.S., Albo, D., Kimsey, T.F., White, S.L., Wang, T.N. J. Surg. Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
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