The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hypoxia modulates early events in T cell receptor-mediated activation in human T lymphocytes via Kv1.3 channels.

T lymphocytes are exposed to hypoxia during their development and when they migrate to hypoxic pathological sites. Although it has been shown that hypoxia inhibits Kv1.3 channels and proliferation in human T cells, the mechanisms by which hypoxia regulates T cell activation are not fully understood. Herein we test the hypothesis that hypoxic inhibition of Kv1.3 channels induces membrane depolarization, thus modulating the increase in cytoplasmic Ca2+ that occurs during activation. Hypoxia causes membrane depolarization in human CD3+ T cells, as measured by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) with the voltage-sensitive dye DiBAC4(3). Similar depolarization is produced by the selective Kv1.3 channel blockers ShK-Dap22 and margatoxin. Furthermore, pre-exposure to such blockers prevents any further depolarization by hypoxia. Since membrane depolarization is unfavourable to the influx of Ca2+ through the CRAC channels (necessary to drive many events in T cell activation such as cytokine production and proliferation), the effect of hypoxia on T cell receptor-mediated increase in cytoplasmic Ca2+ was determined using fura-2. Hypoxia depresses the increase in Ca2+ induced by anti-CD3/CD28 antibodies in approximately 50% of lymphocytes. In the remaining cells, hypoxia either did not elicit any change or produced a small increase in cytoplasmic Ca2+. Similar effects were observed in resting and pre-activated CD3+ cells and were mimicked by ShK-Dap22. These effects appear to be mediated solely by Kv1.3 channels, as we find no influence of hypoxia on IKCa1 and CRAC channels. Our findings indicate that hypoxia modulates Ca2+ homeostasis in T cells via Kv1.3 channel inhibition and membrane depolarization.[1]


  1. Hypoxia modulates early events in T cell receptor-mediated activation in human T lymphocytes via Kv1.3 channels. Robbins, J.R., Lee, S.M., Filipovich, A.H., Szigligeti, P., Neumeier, L., Petrovic, M., Conforti, L. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities