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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

PI3K-AKT pathway mediates growth and survival signals during development of fetal mouse lung.

We examined the roles of the PI3K-AKT signalling pathway in fetal lung development. By Western blotting, phosphorylated AKT (pAKT) was highly expressed in fetal days 12 and 14 with decreased expression thereafter. By immunohistochemistry, pAKT was expressed mainly in the respiratory epithelium of early fetal days. We examined the effects of fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1), PI3K inhibitors (LY294002 and wortmannin), MAPK inhibitor (PD98059) and both of FGF1 and each inhibitor on lung morphogenesis, BrdU incorporation and apoptosis. In the FGF1-treated explants, the number of terminal buds and BrdU-labelled cells increased significantly, while the LY294002-, wortmannin-, PD98059-treated explants demonstrated obvious decreases. The effects by FGF1 were inhibited by LY294002, wortmannin and PD98059. Regardless of the presence of FGF1, the LY294002-, wortmannin- and PD98059-treated explants increased apoptosis revealed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labelling assay in the mesenchyme of the explants. At the same time, the effect of LY294002, wortmannin, PD98059 on expression of surfactant apoprotein C (SPC) were also studied. The LY294002 and wortmannin treatments showed decreased expression of SPC. These findings suggest that the PI3K-AKT signalling pathway plays a pivotal role in mouse lung development through various biological processes.[1]


  1. PI3K-AKT pathway mediates growth and survival signals during development of fetal mouse lung. Wang, J., Ito, T., Udaka, N., Okudela, K., Yazawa, T., Kitamura, H. Tissue & cell. (2005) [Pubmed]
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