The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases among Enterobacter isolates obtained in Tel Aviv, Israel.

The extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing phenotype is frequent among Enterobacter isolates at the Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel. We examined the clonal relatedness and characterized the ESBLs of a collection of these strains. Clonal relatedness was determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Isoelectric focusing (IEF) and transconjugation experiments were performed. ESBL gene families were screened by colony hybridization and PCR for bla(TEM), bla(SHV), bla(CTX-M), bla(IBC), bla(PER), bla(OXA), bla(VEB), and bla(SFO); and the PCR products were sequenced. The 17 Enterobacter isolates studied comprised 15 distinct genotypes. All isolates showed at least one IEF band (range, one to five bands) whose appearance was suppressed by addition of clavulanate; pIs ranged from 5.4 to > or = 8. 2. Colony hybridization identified at least one family of beta-lactamase genes in 11 isolates: 10 harbored bla(TEM) and 9 harbored bla(SHV). PCR screening and sequence analysis of the PCR products for bla(TEM), bla(SHV), and bla(CTX-M) identified TEM-1 in 11 isolates, SHV-12 in 7 isolates, SHV-1 in 1 isolate, a CTX-M-2-like gene in 2 isolates, and CTX-M-26 in 1 isolate. In transconjugation experiments with four isolates harboring bla(TEM-1) and bla(SHV-12), both genes were simultaneously transferred to the recipient strain Escherichia coli HB101. Plasmid mapping, PCR, and Southern analysis with TEM- and SHV-specific probes demonstrated that a single transferred plasmid carried both the TEM-1 and the SHV-12 genes. The widespread presence of ESBLs among Enterobacter isolates in Tel Aviv is likely due not to clonal spread but, rather, to plasmid-mediated transfer, at times simultaneously, of genes encoding several types of enzymes. The dominant ESBL identified was SHV-12.[1]


  1. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases among Enterobacter isolates obtained in Tel Aviv, Israel. Schlesinger, J., Navon-Venezia, S., Chmelnitsky, I., Hammer-Münz, O., Leavitt, A., Gold, H.S., Schwaber, M.J., Carmeli, Y. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities