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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Screening of mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars for their contents of flavonol O- and xanthone C-glycosides, anthocyanins, and pectin.

With respect to their browning potential and in consideration of a combined recovery of pectin and phenolic compounds, peels of 14 cultivars and the flesh of nine cultivars of mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruits were analyzed for their contents of flavonol O- and xanthone C-glycosides by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-diode array detection-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). While total amounts of up to 4860 mg/kg dry matter demonstrated the peels to be a rich source of phenolic compounds, only traces could be detected in the flesh. The profile of flavonol glycosides of the peels proved to be highly characteristic and may therefore serve as a tool for authenticity control of mango puree concentrate, which is often produced from unpeeled fruits and represents an important intermediate for the production of mango nectars. Two compounds were isolated by preparative HPLC, and their structures were elucidated on the basis of ESI-MS as well as NMR spectroscopy, establishing the two compounds as rhamnetin 3-O-beta-galactopyranoside and rhamnetin 3-O-beta-glucopyranoside, respectively. In the peels of red-colored cultivars, cyanidin 3-O-galactoside and an anthocyanidin hexoside so far not reported in mango could tentatively be identified. The contents and degrees of esterification of pectins extracted from the lyophilized peels ranged from 12.2 to 21.2% and from 56.3 to 65.6%, respectively, suggesting mango peels also as a promising source of high-quality pectin.[1]


  1. Screening of mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars for their contents of flavonol O- and xanthone C-glycosides, anthocyanins, and pectin. Berardini, N., Fezer, R., Conrad, J., Beifuss, U., Carle, R., Schieber, A. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
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