The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The avian allantois: a depot for stress-released catecholamines.

Plasma and amniotic and allantoic fluid of 10- and 14-day-old chicken embryos contain free dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE), and epinephrine ( E). Compared with postnatal chickens, concentrations of DA and E in the plasma are very high, and they are even higher in the allantoic fluid. In contrast, the allantoic concentration of NE is below the plasma level. In the amniotic fluid, the concentrations of all three catecholamines (CAs) are below the plasma levels. High concentrations of DA and E in the allantoic fluid after opening of the egg shell decline during the following 24 hr, which indicates that they are due to stress. Asphyxia, handling, disturbance of allantoic fluid, and cooling are also perceived as stress and are followed by immediate accumulation of CAs in the allantoic fluid. DA and E respond to stress in like manner, while NE often responds with an opposite trend. It appears that the avian allantois, in addition to its role in respiration and urea disposal, also serves the instant CA removal from the circulation. Both the amniotic and the allantoic membranes of the chicken should be ideal models for the study of CA transport mechanisms.[1]


  1. The avian allantois: a depot for stress-released catecholamines. Epple, A., Gill, T.S., Nibbio, B. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. (1992) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities