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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 Zhu,  Lee,  

NADPH-dependent metabolism of 17beta-estradiol and estrone to polar and nonpolar metabolites by human tissues and cytochrome P450 isoforms.

The endogenous estrogens, 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) and estrone (E(1)), undergo extensive metabolism in animals and humans, and a large number of their hydroxylated and keto metabolites have been identified in biological samples. The formation of most of the oxidative estrogen metabolites is catalyzed by cytochrome P450 ( CYP) enzymes. Precise knowledge of the CYP-mediated formation of these metabolites, particularly those with unique biological activities (e.g., 4-hydroxy-E(2), 16alpha-hydroxy-E(1), 15alpha-hydroxy-E(2), 16-epiestriol, and 2-methoxyestradiol) in human liver and extrahepatic target tissues and cells, would add significantly to our understanding of the diverse biological functions that are associated with endogenous estrogens. In this article, we review recent results on the NADPH-dependent metabolism of endogenous estrogens to polar (hydroxylated and keto) metabolites as well as to nonpolar metabolites by human tissues and recombinant human CYP isoforms. The available data show that a large number of polar and nonpolar metabolites of E(2) and E(1) are formed by human tissues, and a variety of human CYP isoforms are involved in the NADPH-dependent formation of polar as well as nonpolar estrogen metabolites. These enzymes have varying degrees of catalytic activity and distinct regioselectivity.[1]


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