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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Desensitization of canonical transient receptor potential channel 5 by protein kinase C.

The classic type of transient receptor potential channel (TRPC) is a molecular candidate for Ca(2+)-permeable cation channel in mammalian cells. TRPC5 is desensitized rapidly after activation by G protein-coupled receptor. Herein we report our investigation into the desensitization of mTRPC5 and localization of the molecular determinants of this desensitization using mutagenesis. TRPC5 was initially activated by muscarinic stimulation using 100 microM carbachol (CCh) and then decayed rapidly even in the presence of CCh (desensitization). Increased EGTA or omission of MgATP in the pipette solution slowed the rate of this desensitization. The protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors, 1 microM chelerythrine, 100 nM GF109203X, or PKC peptide inhibitor (19-36), inhibited this desensitization of TRPC5 activated by 100 microM CCh. When TRPC5 current was activated by intracellular GTPgammaS, PKC inhibitors prevented TRPC5 desensitization and the mutation of TRPC5 T972 to alanine slowed the desensitization process dramatically. We conclude that the desensitization of TRPC5 occurs via PKC phosphorylation and suggest that threonine at residue 972 of mouse TRPC5 might be required for its phosphorylation by PKC.[1]


  1. Desensitization of canonical transient receptor potential channel 5 by protein kinase C. Zhu, M.H., Chae, M., Kim, H.J., Lee, Y.M., Kim, M.J., Jin, N.G., Yang, D.K., So, I., Kim, K.W. Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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