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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

CNK1 is a scaffold protein that regulates Src- mediated Raf-1 activation.

Raf-1 is a regulator of cellular proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Activation of the Raf-1 kinase activity is tightly regulated and involves targeting to the membrane by Ras and phosphorylation by various kinases, including the tyrosine kinase Src. Here we demonstrate that the connector enhancer of Ksr1, CNK1, mediates Src-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of Raf-1. CNK1 binds preactivated Raf-1 and activated Src and forms a trimeric complex. CNK1 regulates the activation of Raf-1 by Src in a concentration-dependent manner typical for a scaffold protein. Down-regulation of endogenously expressed CNK1 by small inhibitory RNA interferes with Src-dependent activation of ERK. Thus, CNK1 allows cross-talk between Src and Raf-1 and is essential for the full activation of Raf-1.[1]


  1. CNK1 is a scaffold protein that regulates Src-mediated Raf-1 activation. Ziogas, A., Moelling, K., Radziwill, G. J. Biol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
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