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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mutational analysis of the MRP2 gene and long-term follow-up of Dubin-Johnson syndrome in Japan.

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have indicated that dysfunction or loss of the multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2) is the molecular basis of Dubin-Johnson syndrome (DJS). To clarify the genetic basis of the disease and the long-term stability of serum bilirubin levels, we conducted a mutational analysis of the MRP2 gene and followed up serum bilirubin levels in Japanese DJS patients 30 years after they were originally diagnosed, based on traditional criteria. METHODS: Patients were interviewed by telephone, and blood tests, including a genetic analysis of MRP2, were performed on the patients and family members who gave informed consent. RESULTS: Over the 30 years, hyperbilirubinemia remained unchanged in four of the five patients studied, while it worsened in 1 patient whose DJS was complicated by chronic hepatitis C. From an MRP2 gene mutational analysis, six mutations, including the novel mutation 1177C>T, were found. Three patients of a consanguineous family were homozygotes for three mutations (298C>T, 1967+2T>C, and 2439+2T>C). Two patients were compound heterozygotes (1177C>T/2302C>T and 1967+2T>C/2026G>C). A familial study showed no difference in serum bilirubin levels between mutant/wild heterozygotes and wild/wild homozygotes. CONCLUSIONS: The hyperbilirubinemia of four Japanese patients with DJS, one of whom had a novel mutation, 1177C>T, of the MRP2 gene, had not worsened with aging.[1]


  1. Mutational analysis of the MRP2 gene and long-term follow-up of Dubin-Johnson syndrome in Japan. Machida, I., Wakusawa, S., Sanae, F., Hayashi, H., Kusakabe, A., Ninomiya, H., Yano, M., Yoshioka, K. J. Gastroenterol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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