The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human carcinoma cell growth and invasiveness is impaired by the propeptide of the ubiquitous proprotein convertase furin.

Furin, a potent proprotein convertase involved in activation of several cancer-related substrates, is synthesized as an inactive zymogen, thus minimizing the occurrence of premature enzymatic activity that would lead to inappropriate protein activation or degradation. This natural inhibitory mechanism is based on the presence of an inactivating prosegment at the NH2 terminal of the zymogen. After initial autocatalytic cleavage, the prosegment remains tightly associated with the convertase until it reaches the trans-Golgi network where the dissociation of the prosegment and activation of furin occurs. We hypothesized that the inhibitory properties of the preprosegment of furin (ppFur) could be beneficial if ectopically expressed in tumor cells. Transfection of four human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines with the complete ppFur cDNA sequence (pIRES-EGFP-ppFur) or with the empty expression vector (pIRES-EGFP) was done. The inhibitory effect was evaluated using in vivo tumorigenicity, invasion, anchorage-independent growth in soft agar, and proliferation assays, as well as by investigating impairment of furin substrates processing. Following transfection of ppFur, a significant reduction in cell proliferation, tumorigenicity, and invasiveness was observed in vitro and in vivo. These biological changes are directly related to the inhibition of furin-mediated activation of crucial cancer-related substrates, such as membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase, transforming growth factor-beta, insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor, and vascular endothelial growth factor-C. PpFur expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines showed a mechanistic link between furin inhibition, decreased substrate processing, cell proliferation, and invasive ability. These findings suggest that furin inhibition is a feasible approach to ameliorate and even abolish the malignant phenotype of various malignancies.[1]


  1. Human carcinoma cell growth and invasiveness is impaired by the propeptide of the ubiquitous proprotein convertase furin. López de Cicco, R., Bassi, D.E., Zucker, S., Seidah, N.G., Klein-Szanto, A.J. Cancer Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities