The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Furin-like proprotein convertases are central regulators of the membrane type matrix metalloproteinase-pro-matrix metalloproteinase-2 proteolytic cascade in atherosclerosis.

BACKGROUND: Accumulation of macrophages and their in situ expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are important determinants of plaque stability. Activation of membrane-bound MT1-MMP, the major activator of pro-MMP-2, requires intracellular endoproteolytic cleavage of its precursor protein. This type of activation typically requires suitable furin-like proprotein convertases (PCs), specifically furin and PC5. The present study was done to investigate the function of MT1-MMP as well as furin-like PCs in mononuclear inflammatory cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Macrophage differentiation of human monocytic THP-1 cells was accompanied by increased expression of furin, PC5, and MT1-MMP. Some pro-MMP-2 activation was found in macrophages, but pro-MMP-2 level or activation was not enhanced after stimulation with the proinflammatory mediators tumor necrosis factor-alpha or lipopolysaccharide. However, culturing of macrophages in conditioned medium from serum-starved vascular smooth muscle cells, which constitutively secrete pro-MMP-2, resulted in a strong pro-MMP-2 activation. Inhibition of furin-like PCs with the specific pharmacological inhibitor decanoyl-RVKR-chloromethylketone (dec-CMK) inhibited MT1-MMP activation in macrophages. Dec-CMK or furin-specific small interfering RNA significantly inhibited macrophage MT1-MMP-dependent activation of vascular smooth muscle cell-derived pro-MMP-2. Flow cytometry demonstrated that human circulating monocytes express furin and PC5, and MT1-MMP and immunohistochemistry revealed their colocalization in macrophages in advanced human atherosclerotic lesions. CONCLUSIONS: Furin-like PCs (furin and PC5) play a central role in a MT-MMP-MMP-2 proteolytic cascade, involving provision of macrophage MT1-MMP for the activation of pro-MMP-2 synthesized by other cells. Furin and PC5 are expressed in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and colocalize with MT1-MMP in macrophages in the atherosclerotic plaque, supporting the hypothesis that they are potential targets in atherosclerosis.[1]

References

  1. Furin-like proprotein convertases are central regulators of the membrane type matrix metalloproteinase-pro-matrix metalloproteinase-2 proteolytic cascade in atherosclerosis. Stawowy, P., Meyborg, H., Stibenz, D., Borges Pereira Stawowy, N., Roser, M., Thanabalasingam, U., Veinot, J.P., Chrétien, M., Seidah, N.G., Fleck, E., Graf, K. Circulation (2005) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities