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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel polypyrimidine antitumor agent FdUMP[10] induces thymineless death with topoisomerase I-DNA complexes.

FdUMP[10], a 10mer of 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine 5'-monophosphate (FdUMP), the thymidylate synthase inhibitory metabolite of 5-fluorouracil (FU), is most closely correlated with the DNA topoisomerase I (Top1) inhibitor camptothecin in the National Cancer Institute COMPARE analysis, but not with FU. FdUMP[10] exhibits more potent antiproliferative activity than FdUMP or 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (FdU) and is markedly more active than FU. Camptothecin-resistant P388/CPT45 cells lacking Top1 are cross-resistant to FdUMP[10] as well as to FdUMP, FdU, and the thymidylate synthase inhibitor raltitrexed (Tomudex). FdUMP[10] induces DNA single-strand breaks and cellular Top1-DNA complexes. Such complexes are also observed in response to FdUMP, FdU, raltitrexed, and FU. The FdUMP[10]-induced Top1-DNA complexes are not inhibited by the caspase inhibitor z-VAD-fmk and form independently of apoptotic DNA fragmentation, indicating that they do not correspond to apoptotic Top1-DNA complexes. In biochemical assay, Top1 is directly trapped at uracil and FdU misincorporation sites. We propose that FdUMP[10] damages DNA by trapping Top1 at uracil and FdU misincorporation sites resulting from thymidylate synthase inhibition and thymine depletion.[1]


  1. A novel polypyrimidine antitumor agent FdUMP[10] induces thymineless death with topoisomerase I-DNA complexes. Liao, Z.Y., Sordet, O., Zhang, H.L., Kohlhagen, G., Antony, S., Gmeiner, W.H., Pommier, Y. Cancer Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
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