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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Experimental cauda equina compression induces HSP70 synthesis in dog.

The heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) is a key component of the stress response induced by various noxious conditions such as heat, oxygen stress, trauma and infection. In present study we have assessed the consequences of the compression of lower lumbar and sacral nerve roots caused by a multiple cauda equina constrictions (MCEC) on HSP70 immunoreactivity (HSP70-IR) in the dog. Our data indicate that constriction of central processes evokes HSP70 up-regulation in the spinal cord (L7, S1-Co3) as well as in the corresponding dorsal root ganglion cells (DRGs) (L7-S1) two days following injury. A limited number of bipolar or triangular HSP-IR neurons were found in the lateral collateral pathway (LCP) as well as in the pericentral region (lamina X) of the spinal cord. In contrast, a high number of HSP70 exhibiting motoneurons with fine processes appeared in the ventral horn (laminae VIII-IX) of lumbosacral segments. Concomitantly, close to them a few lightly HSP70-positive neuronal somata or cell bodies lacking the HSP70-IR occurred. In the DRGs, HSP70 expression was mildly up-regulated in small and medium-sized neurons and in satellite cells. On the contrary, DRGs from intact or sham-operated dogs did not reveal HSP70 specific neuronal staining. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that the MCEC in dogs mimicking the cauda equina syndrome in clinical settings evokes expression of HSP70 synthesis in specific neurons of the lumbo-sacro-coccygeal spinal cord segments and in small and medium sized neurons of corresponding DRGs. This suggests that HSP70 may play an active role in neuroprotective processes partly by maintaining intracellular protein integrity and preventing the neuronal degeneration in this experimental paradigm.[1]


  1. Experimental cauda equina compression induces HSP70 synthesis in dog. Cízková, D., Lukácová, N., Marsala, M., Kafka, J., Lukác, I., Jergová, S., Cízek, M., Marsala, J. Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca. (2005) [Pubmed]
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