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MeSH Review

Cauda Equina

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Disease relevance of Cauda Equina


Psychiatry related information on Cauda Equina


High impact information on Cauda Equina


Chemical compound and disease context of Cauda Equina


Biological context of Cauda Equina


Anatomical context of Cauda Equina

  • ODC was induced in the cervical region of the spinal cord as well as in the horse tail plus filum terminale, whereas GPDH responded in the former but not the latter region [20].
  • RESULTS: All patients had thickening of the intrathecal spinal nerve roots and cauda equina, with varying degrees of enhancement on gadolinium-enhanced axial T1-weighted images [21].
  • We found that CCR5(-/-) mice showed a similar EAN clinical course and severity as well as profile of infiltrating macrophages and T cells in cauda equina (CE) of EAN and the same levels of spleen mononuclear cell (MNC) response to antigen and mitogen when compared with CCR5(+/+) control mice [22].
  • In order to further analyze the role of these T cells and their corresponding cytokines in EAN, we studied the expression of mRNA for IFN-gamma, IL-4, and IL-10 in the cauda equina of rats with EAN using a quantitative competitive reverse transcriptase PCR method [23].
  • Because the detrusor reflex is preserved and the urethra is less supersensitive to bethanechol after partial cauda equina lesions, these may represent a better indication for bethanechol therapy than do complete ones [24].

Associations of Cauda Equina with chemical compounds


Gene context of Cauda Equina


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Cauda Equina

  • Computerized tomography. An adjunct to early diagnosis in the cauda equina syndrome of ankylosing spondylitis [35].
  • To determine whether these proteins are found within the same 10-nm filament, light and electron microscope immunocytochemistry using peripherin and NF-specific antibodies was performed on PC12 cells, nervous tissue, and isolated neural filaments from the cauda equina [36].
  • After three months of constriction, the cauda equina of three dogs in each group was examined histologically, and the vascular circulation was examined by latex and India-ink injection with a modification of the Spalteholz technique [37].
  • Following laminectomy of L-3 and L-4 and intradural exposure, the tumor was found to be draped loosely by the roots of the cauda equina and attached to a single root without any adherence to dura [38].
  • RESULTS: On qualitative evaluation, CSF nulling, contrast at the disc-CSF interface, the disc-spinal cord (cauda equina) interface, and the spinal cord (cauda equina)-CSF interface of fast T1-weighted FLAIR images were significantly higher than those for T1-weighted TSE images (P<0.001) [39].


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  2. Germline SDHD mutation in paraganglioma of the spinal cord. Masuoka, J., Brandner, S., Paulus, W., Soffer, D., Vital, A., Chimelli, L., Jouvet, A., Yonekawa, Y., Kleihues, P., Ohgaki, H. Oncogene (2001) [Pubmed]
  3. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cauda equina in Guillain-Barré syndrome. Crino, P.B., Zimmerman, R., Laskowitz, D., Raps, E.C., Rostami, A.M. Neurology (1994) [Pubmed]
  4. Application of gadolinium-DTPA magnetic resonance imaging for detection of a filum terminale myxopapillary ependymoma allowing successful surgical resection. Moskowitz, N., Uematsu, S., Kamar, A.J., Wang, H., Hedrick, L. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. (1991) [Pubmed]
  5. Painless cauda equina schwannoma simulating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Roohi, F., Cook, A.W., Clarke, H., Torno, R., Zandieh, M. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. (1982) [Pubmed]
  6. INCREASES IN COX II mRNA IN THE RAT SPINAL CORD INDUCED BY CAUDA EQUINA TRACTION. Hirabayashi, K., Komagata, M., Yamada, J., Isshiki, A., Watanabe, Y. Int. J. Neurosci. (2006) [Pubmed]
  7. Regression of cauda equina syndrome in AIDS patient being treated with ganciclovir. Graveleau, P., Perol, R., Chapman, A. Lancet (1989) [Pubmed]
  8. Cauda equina syndrome. Orendácová, J., Cízková, D., Kafka, J., Lukácová, N., Marsala, M., Sulla, I., Marsala, J., Katsube, N. Prog. Neurobiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  9. Cerebrospinal fluid dynamics in the tardive cauda equina syndrome of ankylosing spondylitis. Confavreux, C., Larbre, J.P., Lejeune, E., Sindou, M., Aimard, G. Ann. Neurol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  10. Characterization of sulfated glucuronic acid containing glycolipids reacting with IgM M-proteins in patients with neuropathy. Ariga, T., Kohriyama, T., Freddo, L., Latov, N., Saito, M., Kon, K., Ando, S., Suzuki, M., Hemling, M.E., Rinehart, K.L. J. Biol. Chem. (1987) [Pubmed]
  11. Effects of intrathecal baclofen on lumbosacral and cortical somatosensory evoked potentials. Kofler, M., Donovan, W.H., Loubser, P.G., Berić, A. Neurology (1992) [Pubmed]
  12. Tethered cord syndrome: cause for urge incontinence and pain in lower extremities. Kondo, A., Kato, K., Sakakibara, T., Hashizume, Y., Ito, S. Urology (1992) [Pubmed]
  13. Nerve-roots of the cauda equina. The effect of hypotension and acute graded compression on function. Garfin, S.R., Cohen, M.S., Massie, J.B., Abitbol, J.J., Swenson, M.R., Myers, R.R., Rydevik, B.L. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume. (1990) [Pubmed]
  14. MR of the spine in Guillain-Barré syndrome. Georgy, B.A., Chong, B., Chamberlain, M., Hesselink, J.R., Cheung, G. AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology. (1994) [Pubmed]
  15. Case report: arachnoiditis following intracranial 'Thorotrast'. Pandya, P.M., Keogh, A.J. Clinical radiology. (1992) [Pubmed]
  16. Bacterial meningitis and cauda equina syndrome after epidural steroid injections. Cooper, A.B., Sharpe, M.D. Canadian journal of anaesthesia = Journal canadien d'anesthésie. (1996) [Pubmed]
  17. Occult spinal dysraphism: clinical and urodynamic outcome after division of the filum terminale. Khoury, A.E., Hendrick, E.B., McLorie, G.A., Kulkarni, A., Churchill, B.M. J. Urol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  18. Inhibition of experimental autoimmune neuritis by an antibody to the lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1. Archelos, J.J., Mäurer, M., Jung, S., Miyasaka, M., Tamatani, T., Toyka, K.V., Hartung, H.P. Lab. Invest. (1994) [Pubmed]
  19. Lumbosacral evoked potentials (LSEPs) and cortical somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) in patients with lesions of the conus medullaris and cauda equina. Lehmkuhl, L.D., Dimitrijevic, M.R., Zidar, J. Electroencephalography and clinical neurophysiology. (1988) [Pubmed]
  20. Glucocorticoid regulation of glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase and ornithine decarboxylase activities in the spinal cord of the rat. Ortí, E., Moses, D.F., Grillo, C., De Nicola, A.F. J. Neurochem. (1987) [Pubmed]
  21. Guillain-Barré syndrome: MR imaging findings of the spine in eight patients. Byun, W.M., Park, W.K., Park, B.H., Ahn, S.H., Hwang, M.S., Chang, J.C. Radiology. (1998) [Pubmed]
  22. CCR5 deficiency does not prevent P0 peptide 180-199 immunized mice from experimental autoimmune neuritis. Duan, R.S., Chen, Z., Bao, L., Quezada, H.C., Nennesmo, I., Winblad, B., Zhu, J. Neurobiol. Dis. (2004) [Pubmed]
  23. The expression of cytokine mRNA in the cauda equina of Lewis rats with experimental allergic neuritis. Fujioka, T., Jimi, T., Hilliard, B.A., Ventura, E.S., Rostami, A. J. Neuroimmunol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  24. Bladder and urethral function and supersensitivity to subcutaneously administered bethanechol in cats with chronic cauda equina lesions. el-Salmy, S., Downie, J.W., Awad, S.A. J. Urol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  25. The post-irradiation lower motor neuron syndrome neuronopathy or radiculopathy? Bowen, J., Gregory, R., Squier, M., Donaghy, M. Brain (1996) [Pubmed]
  26. Contrast agents for myelography: clinical and radiological evaluation of Amipaque and Pantopaque. Kieffer, S.A., Binet, E.F., Esquerra, J.V., Hantman, R.P., Gross, C.E. Radiology. (1978) [Pubmed]
  27. Trigeminal and carotid body inputs controlling vascular resistance in muscle during post-contraction hyperaemia in cats. de Burgh Daly, M., Cook, M.N. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1999) [Pubmed]
  28. Cauda equina syndrome following a single spinal administration of 5% hyperbaric lidocaine through a 25-gauge Whitacre needle. Gerancher, J.C. Anesthesiology (1997) [Pubmed]
  29. Bupivacaine spinal block cauda equina syndrome: why did it happen? Lambert, D.H. Anesthesiology (2005) [Pubmed]
  30. Immunological study of hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy type 1a (HMSN1a). Gabriel, C.M., Gregson, N.A., Wood, N.W., Hughes, R.A. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. (2002) [Pubmed]
  31. Primary glial tumor of the retina with features of myxopapillary ependymoma. Hegyi, L., Peston, D., Theodorou, M., Moss, J., Olver, J., Roncaroli, F. Am. J. Surg. Pathol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  32. Experimental cauda equina compression induces HSP70 synthesis in dog. Cízková, D., Lukácová, N., Marsala, M., Kafka, J., Lukác, I., Jergová, S., Cízek, M., Marsala, J. Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca. (2005) [Pubmed]
  33. Effects on improvement of blood flow in the chronically compressed cauda equina: comparison between a selective prostaglandin E receptor (EP4) agonist and a prostaglandin E1 derivate. Sekiguchi, M., Konno, S., Kikuchi, S. Spine. (2006) [Pubmed]
  34. Role of motor evoked potentials in diagnosis of cauda equina and lumbosacral cord lesions. Di Lazzaro, V., Pilato, F., Oliviero, A., Saturno, E., Dileone, M., Tonali, P.A. Neurology (2004) [Pubmed]
  35. Computerized tomography. An adjunct to early diagnosis in the cauda equina syndrome of ankylosing spondylitis. Kramer, L.D., Krouth, G.J. Arch. Neurol. (1978) [Pubmed]
  36. Some neural intermediate filaments contain both peripherin and the neurofilament proteins. Parysek, L.M., McReynolds, M.A., Goldman, R.D., Ley, C.A. J. Neurosci. Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
  37. Experimental lumbar spinal stenosis. Analysis of the cortical evoked potentials, microvasculature, and histopathology. Delamarter, R.B., Bohlman, H.H., Dodge, L.D., Biro, C. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume. (1990) [Pubmed]
  38. Nondural-based lumbar clear cell meningioma. Case report. Holtzman, R.N., Jormark, S.C. J. Neurosurg. (1996) [Pubmed]
  39. Degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine: a prospective comparison of fast T1-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery and T1-weighted turbo spin echo MR imaging. Erdem, L.O., Erdem, C.Z., Acikgoz, B., Gundogdu, S. European journal of radiology. (2005) [Pubmed]
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