The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibitor rolipram inhibits activation of monocytes during extracorporeal circulation.

OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome and risk of multiorgan injury mediated by activated leukocytes. Phosphodiesterase type 4 is the predominant phosphodiesterase isozyme in leukocytes and plays a key role in the regulation of leukocyte activation. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of rolipram, a selective phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibitor, on functional changes of monocytes during simulated extracorporeal circulation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Simulated extracorporeal circulation was established by recirculating heparinized human blood for 120 minutes on a membrane oxygenator with or without 10 micromol/L of rolipram. L-selectin and CD11b expression of monocytes were measured with flow cytometry. C4d fragment, Bb fragment, C5b-9, and interleukin-6 were measured with enzyme immunoassay. Rolipram reduced the increase in CD11b expression and the decrease in L-selectin expression of monocytes in response to simulated extracorporeal circulation. Rolipram inhibited the increase in C4d fragment and interleukin-6, but it did not affect the increase in Bb fragment or C5b-9. CONCLUSION: Rolipram inhibited changes in adhesion molecule expression and interleukin-6 release by activated monocytes in simulated extracorporeal circulation. This study suggests that phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibition could be feasible therapeutic strategy to prevent exaggerated inflammatory response and organ injury in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass.[1]


  1. Phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibitor rolipram inhibits activation of monocytes during extracorporeal circulation. Sato, Y., Hiramatsu, Y., Homma, S., Sato, M., Sato, S., Endo, S., Sohara, Y. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities