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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibitory effects of interferon-gamma on myocardial hypertrophy.

Prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) plays an important role in pathologic cardiac growth. After testing several immune cytokines, we found that interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) inhibited responsiveness of adult myocytes to PGF(2alpha). The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that IFN-gamma inhibits cardiac hypertrophy induced by PGF(2alpha). Incubation of cultured adult rat cardiac myocytes with PGF(2alpha) caused cell spreading, which was inhibited by IFN-gamma. The inhibitory effect was not affected by nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitors. In addition, administration of fluprostenol, a more selective agonist at the PGF(2alpha) receptor, induced cardiac hypertrophy in rats. Chronic treatment with IFN-gamma inhibited this myocardial growth, and the inhibitory effect of IFN-gamma was not accompanied by an increase in myocardial NO synthase gene expression. Further, abdominal aortic constriction resulted in a substantial increase in heart, ventricular and left ventricular weights to BW ratio that was significantly attenuated by treatment with IFN-gamma. The results demonstrate that IFN-gamma inhibits the in vitro and in vivo effects of PGF(2alpha) on cardiac hypertrophy, and that the mechanism of action is likely independent of NO production. IFN-gamma also attenuated cardiac hypertrophy induced by pressure overload, suggesting that PGF(2alpha) plays a role in the pathogeneses of this severe type of cardiac hypertrophy.[1]


  1. Inhibitory effects of interferon-gamma on myocardial hypertrophy. Jin, H., Li, W., Yang, R., Ogasawara, A., Lu, H., Paoni, N.F. Cytokine (2005) [Pubmed]
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