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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lack of arginine vasopressin-induced phosphorylation of aquaporin-2 mutant AQP2-R254L explains dominant nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.

Water homeostasis in humans is regulated by vasopressin, which induces the translocation of homotetrameric aquaporin-2 (AQP2) water channels from intracellular vesicles to the apical membrane of renal principal cells. For this process, phosphorylation of AQP2 at S256 by cAMP-dependent protein kinase A is thought to be essential. Mutations in the AQP2 gene cause recessive and dominant nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI), a disease in which the kidney is unable to concentrate urine in response to vasopressin. Here, a family in which dominant NDI was caused by an exchange of arginine 254 by leucine in the intracellular C terminus of AQP2 (AQP2-R254L), which destroys the protein kinase A consensus site, was identified. Expressed in oocytes, AQP2-R254L appeared to be a functional water channel but was impaired in its transport to the cell surface to the same degree as AQP2-S256A, which mimics nonphosphorylated AQP2. In polarized renal cells, AQP2-R254L was retained intracellularly and was distributed similarly as AQP2-S256A or wild-type AQP2 in unstimulated cells. Upon co-expression in MDCK cells, AQP2-R254L interacted with and retained wild-type AQP2 in intracellular vesicles. Furthermore, AQP2-R254L had a low basal phosphorylation level, which was not increased with forskolin, and mimicking constitutive phosphorylation in AQP2-R254L with the S256D mutation shifted its expression to the basolateral and apical membrane. These data indicate that dominant NDI in this family is due to a R254L mutation, resulting in the loss of arginine vasopressin-mediated phosphorylation of AQP2 at S256, and illustrates the in vivo importance of phosphorylation of AQP2 at S256 for the first time.[1]


  1. Lack of arginine vasopressin-induced phosphorylation of aquaporin-2 mutant AQP2-R254L explains dominant nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. de Mattia, F., Savelkoul, P.J., Kamsteeg, E.J., Konings, I.B., van der Sluijs, P., Mallmann, R., Oksche, A., Deen, P.M. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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