The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transmembrane domains 1 and 3 of the glycine transporter GLYT1 contain structural determinants of N[3-(4'-fluorophenyl)-3-(4'-phenylphenoxy)-propyl]sarcosine specificity.

The neurotransmitter glycine is removed from the synaptic cleft by two Na(+)-and Cl(-)-dependent transporters: GLYT1 and GLYT2. GLYT1, expressed in glial processes of glycinergic areas and in glia and neurons of glutamatergic pathways that contain N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, is essential for regulating glycine levels both at glycinergic and NMDA-containing synapses. GLYT2 is the transporter present in glycinergic neurons and provides cytosolic glycine for vesicular release from glycinergic terminals. GLYT1 is selectively inhibited by the sarcosine derivative N[3-(4'-fluorophenyl)-3-(4'-phenylphenoxy)-propyl]sarcosine (NFPS). In the present report, GLYT1-GLYT2 chimeric transporters have been generated and their inhibition by NFPS has been studied. The introduction of GLYT2 transmembrane domains (TMs) 1 or 3, but not 2, on GLYT1 structure reduced the inhibition potency of NFPS and sarcosine. Binding studies and kinetic analysis of NFPS inhibition indicate lower affinity and smaller sensitivity of the chimeras to the compound. Opposite chimeras containing TM1 or TM3 of GLYT1 on GLYT2 structure became sensitive to NFPS. Individual substitution mutants of GLYT2 TM1 residues on GLYT1 and opposite GLYT1 TM1 residues on GLYT2 indicate that the more N-terminal portion of GLYT1 including residue E40 contributes to NFPS specificity. Our results demonstrate that TM1 and TM3, but not TM2, contain residues involved in the specific action of NFPS on GLYT1.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities