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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The POU transcription factor Oct-1 represses virus-induced interferon A gene expression.

Alpha interferon (IFN-alpha) and IFN-beta are able to interfere with viral infection. They exert a vast array of biologic functions, including growth arrest, cell differentiation, and immune system regulation. This regulation extends from innate immunity to cellular and humoral adaptive immune responses. A strict control of expression is needed to prevent detrimental effects of unregulated IFN. Multiple IFN-A subtypes are coordinately induced in human and mouse cells infected by virus and exhibit differences in expression of their individual mRNAs. We demonstrated that the weakly expressed IFN-A11 gene is negatively regulated after viral infection, due to a distal negative regulatory element, binding homeoprotein pituitary homeobox 1 ( Pitx1). Here we show that the POU protein Oct-1 binds in vitro and in vivo to the IFN- A11 promoter and represses IFN-A expression upon interferon regulatory factor overexpression. Furthermore, we show that Oct-1-deficient MEFs exhibit increased in vivo IFN-A gene expression and increased antiviral activity. Finally, the IFN-A expression pattern is modified in Oct-1-deficient MEFs. The broad representation of effective and potent octamer-like sequences within IFN-A promoters suggests an important role for Oct-1 in IFN-A regulation.[1]


  1. The POU transcription factor Oct-1 represses virus-induced interferon A gene expression. Mesplède, T., Island, M.L., Christeff, N., Petek, F., Doly, J., Navarro, S. Mol. Cell. Biol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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