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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Protective effect of type 2 diabetes on acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity in male Swiss-Webster mice.

Type 2 diabetic (DB) mice exposed to CCl(4) (LD(50) = 1.25 ml/kg), acetaminophen (LD(80) = 600 mg/kg; APAP), and bromobenzene (LD(80) = 0.5 ml/kg) i.p. yielded 30, 20, and 20% mortality, respectively, indicating hepatotoxic resistance. Male Swiss-Webster mice were made diabetic by feeding high fat and administrating streptozotocin (120 mg/kg i.p.) on day 60. On day 71, time-course studies after APAP (600 mg/kg) treatment revealed identical initial liver injury in non-DB and DB mice, which progressed only in non-DB mice, resulting in 80% mortality. The hypothesis that decreased APAP bioactivation, altered toxicokinetics, and/or increased tissue repair are the underlying mechanisms was investigated. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis revealed no difference in plasma and urinary APAP or detoxification of APAP via glucuronidation between DB and non-DB mice. Hepatic CYP2E1 protein and activity, glutathione, and [(14)C]APAP covalent binding did not differ between DB and non-DB mice, suggesting that lower bioactivation-based injury is not the mechanism of decreased hepatotoxicity in DB mice. Diabetes increased cells in S phase by 8-fold in normally quiescent liver of these mice. Immunohistochemistry revealed overexpression of calpastatin in the newly dividing/divided cells, explaining inhibition of hydrolytic enzyme calpain in perinecrotic areas and lower progression of APAP-initiated injury in the DB mice. Antimitotic intervention of diabetes-associated cell division with colchicine before APAP administration resulted in 70% mortality in APAP-treated colchicine-intervened DB mice. These studies suggest that advancement of cells in the cell division cycle and higher tissue repair protect DB mice by preventing progression of APAP-initiated liver injury that normally leads to mortality.[1]


  1. Protective effect of type 2 diabetes on acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity in male Swiss-Webster mice. Sawant, S.P., Dnyanmote, A.V., Mitra, M.S., Chilakapati, J., Warbritton, A., Latendresse, J.R., Mehendale, H.M. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (2006) [Pubmed]
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