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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Downregulation of IRS-1 expression causes inhibition of corneal angiogenesis.

PURPOSE: The antiangiogenic effect of an antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) targeting insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 was evaluated on rat corneal neovascularization. METHODS: Eyes with neovessels were treated with subconjunctival injections of IRS-1 antisense oligonucleotide (ASODN), IRS-1 sense ODN (SODN), or PBS. At 8 and 24 hours after the first subconjunctival injection, the expression of IRS-1, VEGF, and IL-1beta mRNA was evaluated. IRS-1 protein levels were also measured at 8 hours by Western blot analysis (n = 4/group). On day 10, corneal neovascularization was quantified in flatmount corneas of rats treated daily from days 4 to 9. RESULTS: On day 10, new vessels covered 95.5% +/- 4% of the corneal area in PBS-treated eyes, 92% +/- 7% in SODN-treated eyes and 59% +/- 20% in ASODN-treated eyes (P < 0.001). In the ASODN-treated group, the expression and synthesis of IRS-1 were significantly downregulated when compared with the control groups. ASODN did not significantly affect the expression of VEGF but significantly decreased the expression of IL-1beta at 24 hours (P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Subconjunctival injections of IRS-1 antisense ODN significantly inhibit rat corneal neovascularization. This effect may be mediated by a downregulation of IL-1beta. IRS-1 proteins may be interesting targets for the regulation of angiogenesis mediated by insulin, hypoxia, or inflammation.[1]


  1. Downregulation of IRS-1 expression causes inhibition of corneal angiogenesis. Berdugo, M., Andrieu-Soler, C., Doat, M., Courtois, Y., BenEzra, D., Behar-Cohen, F. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2005) [Pubmed]
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