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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Distribution of 99mTc-Sn diphosphonate and free 99mTc-pertechnetate in selected soft and hard tissues.

Because increased uptake of 99mTc-diphosphonate (ethane-hydroxy-1, 1-diphosphonate) occasionally occurs in the anterior neck region, the possible increased affinity of the diphosphonate bone-scanning agent for cartilage was investigated. In vivo scintigraphic studies and organ analyses from rats and rabbits injected with this bone scintigraphic agent were performed. Trachea-to-muscle uptake ratios were a high 45:1 in adult Sprague-Dawley rats and approached the femur-to-muscle ratio of 93:1. Technetium-99m-diphosphonate uptake was also increased, but to a lesser extent, in xiphoid cartilage, tendon, and ear cartilage; this was proportional to the calcium content of the organ. The thyroid showed a high affinity for free pertechnetate but not 99mTc-diphosphonate, providing further evidence that the increased neck uptake of this 99mTc-diphosphonate is due to tracheal, not thyroid activity. In addition, premedication of three patients with 200 mg of potassium-perchlorate did not block this neck uptake. Interpretation of scintigraphs performed with 99mTc-diphosphonate that show lesions in the cervical spine should take into account the potential for false-positive readings caused by this increased tracheal uptake.[1]


  1. Distribution of 99mTc-Sn diphosphonate and free 99mTc-pertechnetate in selected soft and hard tissues. Silberstein, E.B., Francis, M.D., Tofe, A.J., Slough, C.L. J. Nucl. Med. (1975) [Pubmed]
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