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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Understanding the role of surfactants on the preparation of ZnS nanocrystals.

We have synthesized surface modified ZnS nanoparticles of size 2-3 nm using non-ionic surfactant-stabilized reverse emulsions. The non-ionic surfactants in the Span series, i.e. sorbitan monolaurate (Span 20) and sorbitan monooleate (Span 80) of hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) values of 8.6 and 4.3, respectively, have been used for the stabilization of emulsions. The role of these surfactants in controlling the size and properties of the ZnS nanoparticles has been discussed. The triethylamine (TEA) has been proved to be the effective surface modifying (capping) agent for the preparation of free-standing ZnS nanoparticles. The Span 20 with the higher HLB value of 8.6 has been found to be highly suitable in synthesizing TEA-capped ZnS nanoparticles of smaller size and higher photophysical characteristics compared to that of the Span 80 of lower HLB value of 4. 3. A mechanism for the formation of TEA-capped ZnS nanoparticles from the surfactant-stabilized reverse emulsions has been proposed.[1]


  1. Understanding the role of surfactants on the preparation of ZnS nanocrystals. Naskar, M.K., Patra, A., Chatterjee, M. Journal of colloid and interface science. (2006) [Pubmed]
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