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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Genetic association of ubiquilin with Alzheimer's disease and related quantitative measures.

The gene coding for ubiquilin 1 (UBQLN1) is located near a linkage peak on chromosome 9q22.2 and it also impacts the function of presenilin proteins involved in early-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recently, genetic variation in UBQLN1 has been shown to affect the risk of AD in two independent family-based samples. The purpose of this study was to confirm the reported association in a large case-control sample and to also examine the association of UBQLN1 SNPs with quantitative measures of AD progression, namely age-at-onset (AAO), disease duration and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score. We examined the associations of three SNPs in the UBQLN1 gene (intron 6/A>C, intron 8/T>C and intron 9/A>G) in up to 978 LOAD cases and 808 controls. All SNPs were in significant linkage disequilibrium (P<0.0001). While modest significant associations were observed in the single-site regression analysis, 3-site haplotype analysis revealed significant associations (P<0.0001 for overall haplotype analysis). One common haplotype (H4) defined by intron 6/A-intron 8/C-intron 9/G alleles was associated with AD risk and one less common haplotype (H5) defined by intron 6/C-intron 8/C-intron 9/A alleles was associated with protection. The adjusted odds ratios with potentially one and two copies of risk haplotype H4 were 1.5 (95% CI: 0.99-2.26; P=0.054) and 3.66 (95% CI: 1.43-9.39; P=0.007), respectively, and odds ratio for haplotype H5 carriers was 0.31 (95% CI: 0.10-0.95; P=0.0398). In addition to disease risk, the homozygosity of the risk haplotype was also associated with older AAO, longer disease duration and lower MMSE score. In summary, our data from a large case-control cohort indicate that genetic variation in the UBQLN1 gene has a modest effect on risk, AAO and disease duration of AD. Our haplotype data suggest the presence of additional putative functional variants either in the UBQLN1 gene or nearby genes and provide strong justification for additional work in this region on chromosome 9.[1]


  1. Genetic association of ubiquilin with Alzheimer's disease and related quantitative measures. Kamboh, M.I., Minster, R.L., Feingold, E., DeKosky, S.T. Mol. Psychiatry (2006) [Pubmed]
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