The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ras regulates neuronal polarity via the PI3-kinase/Akt/GSK-3beta/CRMP-2 pathway.

The establishment of a polarized morphology is an essential event in the differentiation of neurons into a single axon and dendrites. We previously showed that glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) is critical for specifying axon/dendrite fate by the regulation of the phosphorylation of collapsin response mediator protein-2 (CRMP-2). Here, we found that the overexpression of the small GTPase Ras induced the formation of multiple axons in cultured hippocampal neurons, whereas the ectopic expression of the dominant negative form of Ras inhibited the formation of axons. Inhibition of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase ( PI3-kinase) or extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK) kinase (MEK) suppressed the Ras-induced formation of multiple axons. The expression of the constitutively active form of PI3-kinase or Akt (also called protein kinase B) induced the formation of multiple axons. The overexpression of Ras prevented the phosphorylation of CRMP-2 by GSK-3beta. Taken together, these results suggest that Ras plays critical roles in establishing neuronal polarity upstream of the PI3-kinase/Akt/GSK-3beta/CRMP-2 pathway and mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade.[1]


  1. Ras regulates neuronal polarity via the PI3-kinase/Akt/GSK-3beta/CRMP-2 pathway. Yoshimura, T., Arimura, N., Kawano, Y., Kawabata, S., Wang, S., Kaibuchi, K. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities