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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nuclear lamin A inhibits adipocyte differentiation: implications for Dunnigan-type familial partial lipodystrophy.

Mutations in the LMNA gene encoding A-type lamins cause several diseases, including Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy and Dunnigan-type familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD). We analyzed differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes to adipocytes in cells overexpressing wild-type lamin A as well as lamin A with amino acid substitutions at position 482 that cause FPLD. We also examined adipogenic conversion of mouse embryonic fibroblasts lacking A-type lamins. Overexpression of both wild-type and mutant lamin A inhibited lipid accumulation, triglyceride synthesis and expression of adipogenic markers. This was associated with inhibition of expression of peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor gamma 2 (PPARgamma2) and Glut4. In contrast, embryonic fibroblasts lacking A-type lamins accumulated more intracellular lipid and exhibited elevated de novo triglyceride synthesis compared with wild-type fibroblasts. They also had increased basal phosphorylation of AKT1, a mediator of insulin signaling. We conclude that A-type lamins act as inhibitors of adipocyte differentiation, possibly by affecting PPARgamma2 and insulin signaling.[1]


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