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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mutations in a new cytochrome P450 gene in lamellar ichthyosis type 3.

We report the identification of mutations in a non-syndromic autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI) in a new gene mapping within a previously identified locus on chromosome 19p12-q12, which has been defined as LI3 in the OMIM database ( MIM 604777). The phenotype usually presents as lamellar ichthyosis and hyperlinearity of palms and soles. Seven homozygous mutations including five missense mutations and two deletions were identified in a new gene, FLJ39501, on chromosome 19p12 in 21 patients from 12 consanguineous families from Algeria, France, Italy and Lebanon. FLJ39501 encodes a protein which was found to be a cytochrome P450, family 4, subfamily F, polypeptide 2 homolog of the leukotriene B4-omega-hydroxylase (CYP4F2) and could catalyze the 20-hydroxylation of trioxilin A3 from the 12(R)-lipoxygenase pathway. Further oxidation of this substrate by the fatty alcohol:nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide oxidoreductase (FAO) enzyme complex, in which one component, ALDH3A2, is known to be mutated in Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (characterized by ichthyosis and spastic paraplegia), would lead to 20-carboxy-(R)-trioxilin A3. This compound could be involved in skin hydration and would be the essential missing product in most forms of ARCI. Its chiral homolog, 20-carboxy-(S)-trioxilin A3, could be implicated in spastic paraplegia and in the maintenance of neuronal integrity.[1]


  1. Mutations in a new cytochrome P450 gene in lamellar ichthyosis type 3. Lefèvre, C., Bouadjar, B., Ferrand, V., Tadini, G., Mégarbané, A., Lathrop, M., Prud'homme, J.F., Fischer, J. Hum. Mol. Genet. (2006) [Pubmed]
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