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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Percutaneous endocardial injection of erythropoietin: assessment of cardioprotection by electromechanical mapping.

BACKGROUND: Apart from its well-known stimulation of erythropoiesis, erythropoietin (EPO) exhibits angiogenic and anti-apoptotic effects. These cellular protective effects have also been described in experimental acute myocardial infarction models. We investigated the effects of EPO in a porcine model of chronic progressive myocardial ischaemia. METHODS: At weeks 2 and 6 after implantation of a circumflex ameroid constrictor, endocardial electromechanical NOGA system (Biosense Webster, Inc., California, USA) mapping of the left ventricle, coronary and ventricular angiography, as well as echocardiography were performed. Two weeks after ameroid placement, 13 pigs were randomized with 7 pigs receiving 10.000 U EPO and 6 pigs receiving placebo into the ischaemic region using a NOGA guided percutaneous transendocardial injection catheter, MYOSTAR. After 6 weeks, histology (Masson's Trichrome) was analyzed. RESULTS: Endocardial electromechanical mapping showed an increase of mean unipolar voltage (UV) amplitude in the ischaemic myocardial segments in the EPO-treated animals (8.5 mV pre and 10.6 mV post treatment) and a significantly reduced ischaemic surface area compared to the control group (19% vs. 41%) suggesting a decline in ischaemic injury. Echocardiography revealed 2,2 hypokinetic segments of the lateral wall in the EPO group vs. 3,3 in the control groups. The mean ejection fraction was 64% in the EPO group and 55% in the placebo group. Quantitative histological analysis of the ischaemic regions revealed a reduction of myocardial fibrosis (8% vs. 28%) in the EPO group. CONCLUSION: Endocardial EPO injection may induce cardioprotective effects in hibernating myocardium and may attenuate the progression of ischaemic tissue damage.[1]


  1. Percutaneous endocardial injection of erythropoietin: assessment of cardioprotection by electromechanical mapping. Krause, K.T., Jaquet, K., Geidel, S., Schneider, C., Mandel, C., Stoll, H.P., Hertting, K., Harle, T., Kuck, K.H. Eur. J. Heart Fail. (2006) [Pubmed]
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