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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Internucleosomal DNA fragmentation is not obligatory for castration induced rat ventral prostate cell apoptosis in vivo.

Castrated male rats were treated with the reversible S1-phase cell cycle blocking drug, mimosine, and the effects of this drug on prostate cell apoptosis was characterized. At a single dose of mimosine (25 mg/kg/day), we found that the internucleosomal DNA fragmentation associated with apoptosis was partially suppressed in the rat ventral prostate at all early time points (24, 48 and 72 h) analyzed post-castration. This suppression was dose-dependent, and treatment with mimosine up to 150 mg/kg/day was sufficient to reduce the internucleosomal DNA fragmentation in the prostate by 90% at 72 h post-castration. Intriguingly, this drug did not suppress the induction of mRNAs for several apoptosis-associated gene products in the ventral prostate gland (bcl-2, p53, TGF-beta and SGP-2/clusterin). Moreover, this treatment did not suppress the histological appearance of apoptotic bodies in the ventral prostate detectable by fast green staining of thin sections of tissue. The apoptotic bodies present in mimosine-treated regressing ventral prostate tissues, however, were refractory to labeling by the in situ gap labeling method, further demonstrating lack of nuclear DNA fragmentation in the condensed nuclei of apoptotic cells. In summary, the cell cycle-blocking drug mimosine does not appear to affect the rate of apoptosis in the regressing rat ventral prostate gland. However, this drug was capable of suppressing the nuclear DNA fragmentation associated with androgen-regulated prostate cell apoptosis. These results support the concept that nuclear DNA fragmentation is not obligatory for apoptosis. Additionally, they imply that cell cycle movement from the G1/S-phase boundary might be important for the terminal DNA degradation associated with androgen-regulated prostate cell apoptosis.[1]


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