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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Chemical modification of the glucosidase inhibitor 1-deoxynojirimycin. Structure-activity relationships.

The ability of the glucosidase inhibitor 1-deoxynojirimycin (dNM) and a series of N-alkylated dNM derivatives to interfere with biosynthesis, transport, and maturation of the glycoprotein alpha 1-antitrypsin in HepG2 cells was investigated. Inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum glucosidase I and II by dNM and its derivatives resulted in an intracellular accumulation of alpha 1-antitrypsin with glucose-containing high mannose type oligosaccharides (precursor). N-alkylation of dNM increased its potency in inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum glucosidases, as determined from the concentration required for half maximal inhibition. N-Alkylated derivatives of dNM were better able to inhibit glucosidase I than glucosidase II (deduced from the number of glucose residues retained in Endo H-releasable oligosaccharides). The inhibition of glucosidase activity imposed by alkylated dNM derivatives was less easily reversed than that by dNM, an effect most pronounced for N-methyl-dNM. Branching of the alkyl group of dNM derivatives decreased the inhibitory potency. Although dNM and its derivatives interfered strongly with intracellular oligosaccharide processing, they did not completely block N-glycan maturation of alpha 1-antitrypsin even at the highest concentrations tested.[1]


  1. Chemical modification of the glucosidase inhibitor 1-deoxynojirimycin. Structure-activity relationships. Tan, A., van den Broek, L., van Boeckel, S., Ploegh, H., Bolscher, J. J. Biol. Chem. (1991) [Pubmed]
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