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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ectopic bone formation in mice associated with a lactic acid/dioxanone/ethylene glycol copolymer-tricalcium phosphate composite with added recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2.

A new putty-like material with bone-inducing capacity was made by combining a block copolymer of poly d,l-lactic acid with randomly inserted p-dioxanone and polyethylene glycol (PLA-DX-PEG) and beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) powder with added recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2). To optimize the material's efficacy for bone formation, we formulated the optimal composition ratio of the respective constituent that gives the greatest osteoinductive efficacy in a mouse model of ectopic bone formation. In this series of studies, we investigated the size of ectopic bone mass induced 3 and 6 weeks after implantation of the materials composed of 30mg of PLA-DX-PEG with 2mug of rhBMP-2 and 0, 15, 30, or 60mg of beta-TCP powder. An additional experiment was designed to investigate how content ratios of beta-TCP powder in 30mg-putty implants (0%, 16.7%, 33.3%, 50%, 66.7%, 83.3%, or 100%) for a fixed dose (5mug) of the rhBMP-2 altered the size of the induced ossicle. The results from the first experiment indicated that the bone yields were linearly dependent on the amount of additional beta-TCP powder. In the second experiment, the largest ossicles induced by 5mug of rhBMP-2 were obtained when the polymer/beta-TCP ratio was 1/2 in mice. The data provide important insights into the fabrication of implants that provide efficacious delivery of rhBMP-2. The new putty-like material may be valuable for repairing or regenerating bone in a clinical setting.[1]


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