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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Intersubunit disulfide interactions play a critical role in maintaining the thermostability of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase from the hyperthermophilic bacterium Aquifex aeolicus.

Proteins from thermophilic microorganisms are stabilized by various mechanisms to preserve their native folded states at higher temperatures. A thermostable glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (tG6PDH) from the hyperthermophilic bacterium Aquifex aeolicus was expressed as a recombinant protein in Escherichia coli. The A. aeolicus G6PDH is a homodimer exhibiting remarkable thermostability (t1/2 = 24 hr at 90 degrees C). Based on homology modeling and upon comparison of its structure with human G6PDH, it was predicted that cysteine 184 of one subunit could form a disulfide bond with cysteine 352 of the other subunit resulting in reinforced intersubunit interactions that hold the dimer together. Site-directed mutagenesis was performed on tG6PDH to convert C184 and C352 to serines. The tG6PDH double mutant exhibited a dramatic decrease in the half-life from 24 hr to 3 hr at 90 degrees C. The same decrease in half-life was also found when either C184 or C352 was mutated to serine. The result indicates that C184 and C352 may play a crucial role in strengthening the dimer interface through disulfide bond formation, thereby contributing to the thermal stability of the enzyme.[1]


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