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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Single-gene mutations and increased left ventricular wall thickness in the community: the Framingham Heart Study.

BACKGROUND: Mutations in sarcomere protein, PRKAG2, LAMP2, alpha-galactosidase A (GLA), and several mitochondrial genes can cause rare familial cardiomyopathies, but their contribution to increased left ventricular wall thickness (LVWT) in the community is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 1862 unrelated participants (52% women; age, 59+/-9 years) from the community-based Framingham Heart Study who had echocardiograms and provided DNA samples but did not have severe hypertension, aortic prosthesis, or significant aortic stenosis. Eight sarcomere protein genes, 3 storage cardiomyopathy-causing genes, and 27 mitochondrial genes were sequenced in unrelated individuals with increased LVWT (maximum LVWT >13 mm). Fifty eligible participants (9 women) had unexplained increased LVWT. We detected 8 mutations in 9 individuals (2 women); 7 mutations in 5 sarcomere protein genes (MYH7, MYBPC3, TNNT2, TNNI3, MYL3), and 1 GLA mutation. In individuals with increased LVWT, participants with sarcomere protein and storage mutations were clinically indistinguishable from those without mutations. CONCLUSIONS: In a community-based cohort, about 3% of eligible participants had increased LVWT, of whom 18% had sarcomere protein or lipid storage gene mutations. Increased LVWT in the community is a very heterogeneous condition, which sometimes may arise from single-gene variants in one of a number of genes.[1]

References

  1. Single-gene mutations and increased left ventricular wall thickness in the community: the Framingham Heart Study. Morita, H., Larson, M.G., Barr, S.C., Vasan, R.S., O'Donnell, C.J., Hirschhorn, J.N., Levy, D., Corey, D., Seidman, C.E., Seidman, J.G., Benjamin, E.J. Circulation (2006) [Pubmed]
 
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