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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Synthesis and antitumor activity of 5'-phosphates and cyclic 3',5'-phosphates derived from biologically active nucleosides.

Syntheses and biological activities of 12 N6-substituted adenosine 5'-phosphates and 15 cyclic 3',5'-phosphates are described. Included among these are the cyclic phosphates of the naturally occurring anticodon adjacent modified nucleosides, N6-(delta2-isopentenyl)adenosine and N-(purin-6-ylcarbamoyl)-L-threonine ribonucleoside. Also reported in this paper are the 5'-phosphates and cyclic phosphates of the cytokinins, N6-benzyladenosine, kinetin ribonucleoside, 3-(chloro-trans-2-buten-2-yl)adenosine,6-o-chlorophenylureidopurine ribonucleoside, and 6-allylureidopurine ribonucleoside. The 5'-nucleotides were prepared by direct phosphorylation of the corresponding ribonucleosides with POCl3 and triethyl phosphate. These compounds were converted to the cyclic 3',5'-phosphates by cyclization of the corresponding 5'-nucleotides with dicyclohexylcarbodiimide. Comparison of the cytotoxicity of the ribonucleosides with their 5'-nucleotides and cyclic 3',5'-nucleotides showed that some of the 5'-phosphates and cyclic phosphates were almost as active as the parent nucleosides. The 5'-nucleotides and the cyclic phosphates were more soluble than the parent nucleosides. The cyclic 3',5'-nucleotides were examined as alternate activators of cAMP-dependent protein kinase from beef heart. While all of the analogs studied showed some activity toward this enzyme, several compounds were more effective than cAMP itself. The analogs were also tested as substrates for cyclic 3',5'-nucleotide phosphodiesterase from beef heart. The N6-alkyl-cAMP analogs were poor substrates for the enzyme, while N6-carbamoyl-cAMP derivatives were inert toward this enzyme. These compounds did not inhibit the phosphodiesterase. Some of the cyclic phosphates exhibited marginal effect in the inhibition of glycogen synthesis in skin slices.[1]


  1. Synthesis and antitumor activity of 5'-phosphates and cyclic 3',5'-phosphates derived from biologically active nucleosides. Hong, C.I., Tritsch, G.L., Mittelman, A., Hebborn, P., Chheda, G.B. J. Med. Chem. (1975) [Pubmed]
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