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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs) within cytochromes P450 2B ( CYP2B) subfamily enzymes: the importance of lipophilicity for binding and metabolism.

The results of qualitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis are reported for several series of compounds which act as substrates for mammalian CYP2B subfamily enzymes, together with a homologous series of aliphatic primary amines which are known to inhibit CYP2B enzymes. It is found that the compound lipophilicity in the form of the log P value (where P is the octanol/water partition coefficient) is related, either linearly or quadratically, to equilibrium constants of inhibition (Ki), binding (Ks) or metabolism (Km) depending on the series of compounds in question. In some instances, the difference between frontier orbital energy levels (deltaE) also features in several of the log P expressions with biological activity. Also present in a small number of correlations are parameters which are likely to be related to logP: namely, Rm, which is the partitioning factor derived from thin layer chromatography (TLC) retention times, and also the compound molecular weight (Mr). All of these three parameters ((log P, Rm and Mr) are thought to be related to the compound's ability to desolvate the P450 active site when they bind to the enzyme. Although the linear relationships between lipophilicity and CYP2B-related activity point to a major role for desolvation of the enzyme binding site in the overall interaction, it is noted that there may be an optimal log P value displayed by preferred substrates as shown by parabolic relationships with this lipophilic parameter. In addition, there is a remarkable similarity in the coefficients for the log P term of any QSAR expression, which suggests that the hydrophobicity of CYP2B active sites may be broadly equivalent between the various mammalian species.[1]


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