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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Noncell- and cell-autonomous G-protein-signaling converges with Ca2+/mitogen- activated protein kinase signaling to regulate str-2 receptor gene expression in Caenorhabditis elegans.

In the sensory system of C. elegans, the candidate odorant receptor gene str-2 is strongly expressed in one of the two AWC neurons and weakly in both ASI neurons. Asymmetric AWC expression results from suppression of str-2 expression by a Ca2+/MAPK signaling pathway in one of the AWC neurons early in development. Here we show that the same Ca2+/MAPK pathway promotes str-2 expression in the AWC and ASI neurons together with multiple cell-autonomous and noncell-autonomous G-protein-signaling pathways. In first-stage larvae and adult animals, signals mediated by the Galpha subunits ODR-3, GPA-2, GPA-5, and GPA-6 and a Ca2+/MAPK pathway involving the Ca2+ channel subunit UNC-36, the CaMKII UNC-43, and the MAPKK kinase NSY-1 induce strong str-2 expression. Cell-specific rescue experiments suggest that ODR-3 and the Ca2+/MAPK genes function in the AWC neurons, but that GPA-5 and GPA-6 function in the AWA and ADL neurons, respectively. In Dauer larvae, the same network of genes promotes strong str-2 expression in the ASI neurons, but ODR-3 functions in AWB and ASH and GPA-6 in AWB. Our results reveal a complex signaling network, encompassing signals from multiple cells, that controls the level of receptor gene expression at different developmental stages.[1]


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