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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Improved metabolic control by depletion of Liver X Receptors in mice.

Liver X Receptors (LXRs) coordinate the regulation of lipid and carbohydrate metabolism and insulin signaling. LXR-ligands lower plasma glucose in hyperglycemic rodents and have consequently been proposed as anti-diabetic agents. We investigated the metabolic effects induced by high carbohydrate diet in LXRalpha(-/-)beta(-/-) mice. Irrespective of diets, LXRalpha(-/-)beta(-/-) mice had reduced fatty acid, insulin, and C-peptide plasma levels than wild-type controls, suggesting a lower insulin production. High carbohydrate diet decreased the plasma glucose levels and the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA)-index in LXRalpha(-/-)beta(-/-) mice and increased hepatic triglyceride content and mRNA levels of lipogenic genes in wild-type and LXRalpha(-/-)beta(-/-) mice, proportionally. In wild-type mice high carbohydrate diet was associated with induced expression of LXR (1.5-fold), despite unchanged SREBP-1c expression. LXRalpha(-/-)beta(-/-) mice responded to this diet by induction of SREBP-1c. Our study suggests that in LXRalpha(-/-)beta(-/-) mice, glucose utilization seems to be privileged possibly due to reduced circulating free fatty acid levels.[1]


  1. Improved metabolic control by depletion of Liver X Receptors in mice. Schuster, G.U., Johansson, L., Kietz, S., Stulnig, T.M., Parini, P., Gustafsson, J.A. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2006) [Pubmed]
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