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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lipocortins are major substrates for protein kinase C in extracts of human neutrophils.

We have identified two major proteins in human neutrophils that are phosphorylated in vitro by protein kinase C (PKC) as lipocortins III and a fragment of a lipocortin-like 68-kDa protein. In electroporated cells, the 68-kDa protein was phosphorylated during stimulation of the cells with either FMLP or PMA. Lipocortins are of interest because of their Ca2(+)- and phospholipid-dependent actin binding properties and ability to inhibit phospholipase A2. Two crude fractions of enzymes and proteins exposed to [gamma-32]PATP in the presence of Ca2+, Mg2+, phosphatidylserine and 1,2-oleoyl-acetyl-rac-glycerol were analyzed by gel electrophoresis and autoradiography. A number of proteins in a detergent-free fraction, including proteins at 36 and 32 kDa, were phosphorylated in the presence of these cofactors. In contrast, only two major proteins (35 and 32 kDa) were phosphorylated in a detergent-extracted fraction. Phosphorylation of the 36, 35, and 32 kDa proteins required the presence of Ca2+, Mg2+, and phosphatidylserine in our soluble fraction and detergent extract, indicating PKC-dependent phosphorylation. The 32-kDa protein phosphorylated in both the soluble fraction and detergent extract was identified as lipocortin III by immunoprecipitation with a cross-reactive antibody that recognized lipocortin I and comparison of cyanogen bromide (CNBr) cleavage patterns of this protein with a lipocortin III standard. The 68-kDa protein was identified as a lipocortin VI-like protein by immunoprecipitation with anti-calelectrin. Additionally, the CNBr cleavage pattern of the 68-kDa protein was similar to that of the 36-kDa protein phosphorylated in our soluble fraction. Autoradiograms of the 68- and 36-kDa fragments immunoprecipitated from our soluble fraction with anticalelectrin and cleaved with CNBr showed that both of these proteins were phosphorylated in this sample. Because phosphorylation is known to change the functional characteristics of the lipocortins, the potential exists to link PKC and lipocortins in neutrophils to regulation of granulemembrane interactions or mediation of inflammation.[1]


  1. Lipocortins are major substrates for protein kinase C in extracts of human neutrophils. Stoehr, S.J., Smolen, J.E., Suchard, S.J. J. Immunol. (1990) [Pubmed]
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