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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cloning of cyclooxygenase-1b (putative COX-3) in mouse.

OBJECTIVES: To clone and sequence cyclooxygenase-1b (COX-1b, also known as COX-3) mRNA and to generate an antibody against the mouse COX-1b protein and to demonstrate its existence in vivo in mouse tissues. ANIMALS: 10 C57BL/6 mice, 4 COX-1 knockout mice and 4 COX-1 wild type mice were used. METHODS: COX-1b mRNA sequence was determined by RT-PCR amplification using specific primers followed by DNA sequencing. COX-1b protein expression was determined by Western blotting. RESULTS: The mouse COX-1b mRNA is a splice variant of the COX-1 mRNA generated by the retention of intron-1. COX-1b mRNA encodes a 127 amino acid protein with no similarity with known COX sequences. We generated an anti-mouse COX-1b antibody and demonstrated the existence of COX-1b protein in vivo with the highest expression in kidney, heart, and neuronal tissues. We also detected COX-1b mRNA and protein expression in COX-1 knockout mice. CONCLUSIONS: In mouse, COX-1b encodes a protein with a completely different amino acid sequence than COX-1 or COX-2; therefore it is improbable that COX-1b in this species plays a role in prostaglandin-mediated fever and pain. In addition, the COX-1(-/-) mouse is not a COX-1b(-/-) mouse, therefore it cannot be used to elucidate the function of the COX-1b protein.[1]


  1. Cloning of cyclooxygenase-1b (putative COX-3) in mouse. Kis, B., Snipes, J.A., Gaspar, T., Lenzser, G., Tulbert, C.D., Busija, D.W. Inflamm. Res. (2006) [Pubmed]
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