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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

An Anti-IL-12p40 Antibody Down-Regulates Type 1 Cytokines, Chemokines, and IL-12/IL-23 in Psoriasis.

Psoriasis is characterized by activation of T cells with a type 1 cytokine profile. IL-12 and IL-23 produced by APCs are essential for inducing Th1 effector cells. Promising clinical results of administration of an Ab specific for the p40 subunit of IL-12 and IL-23 (anti-IL-12p40) have been reported recently. This study evaluated histological changes and mRNA expression of relevant cytokines and chemokines in psoriatic skin lesions following a single administration of anti-IL-12p40, using immunohistochemistry and real-time RT-PCR. Expression levels of type 1 cytokine (IFN-gamma) and chemokines (IL-8, IFN-gamma-inducible protein-10, and MCP-1) were significantly reduced at 2 wk posttreatment. The rapid decrease of these expression levels preceded clinical response and histologic changes. Interestingly, the level of an anti-inflammatory cytokine, IL-10, was also significantly reduced. Significant reductions in TNF-alpha levels and infiltrating T cells were observed in high responders (improvement in clinical score, >/=75% at 16 wk), but not in low responders. Of importance, the levels of APC cytokines, IL-12p40 and IL-23p19, were significantly decreased in both responder populations, with larger decreases in high responders. In addition, baseline levels of TNF-alpha significantly correlated with the clinical improvement at 16 wk, suggesting that these levels may predict therapeutic responsiveness to anti-IL-12p40. Thus, in a human Th1-mediated disease, blockade of APC cytokines by anti-IL-12p40 down-regulates expression of type 1 cytokines and chemokines that are downstream of IL-12/IL-23, and also IL-12/IL-23 themselves, with a pattern indicative of coordinated deactivation of APCs and Th1 cells.[1]


  1. An Anti-IL-12p40 Antibody Down-Regulates Type 1 Cytokines, Chemokines, and IL-12/IL-23 in Psoriasis. Toichi, E., Torres, G., McCormick, T.S., Chang, T., Mascelli, M.A., Kauffman, C.L., Aria, N., Gottlieb, A.B., Everitt, D.E., Frederick, B., Pendley, C.E., Cooper, K.D. J. Immunol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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