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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The calcium paradoxon of renin release: calcium suppresses renin exocytosis by inhibition of calcium-dependent adenylate cyclases AC5 and AC6.

An increase in the free intracellular calcium concentration promotes exocytosis in most secretory cells. In contrast, renin release from juxtaglomerular (JG) cells is suppressed by calcium. The further downstream signaling cascades of this so called "calcium paradoxon" of renin secretion have been incompletely defined. Because cAMP is the main intracellular stimulator of renin release, we hypothesized that calcium might exert its suppressive effects on renin secretion via the inhibition of the calcium- regulated adenylate cyclases AC5 and AC6. In primary cultures of JG cells, calcium-dependent inhibitors of renin release (angiotensin II, endothelin-1, thapsigargin) suppressed renin secretion, which was paralleled by decreases in intracellular cAMP levels [cAMP]. When [cAMP] was clamped by membrane permeable cAMP derivates, renin release was not suppressed by any of the calcium liberators. Additionally, both endothelin and thapsigargin suppressed cAMP levels and renin release in isoproterenol or forskolin-pretreated As4.1 cells, a renin- producing cell line that expresses AC5 and AC6. The calcium-dependent inhibition of intracellular cAMP levels and renin release was prevented by small interfering RNA- mediated knockdown of AC5 and/or AC6 expression, underlining the functional significance of these AC isoforms in renin-producing cells. Finally, in isolated perfused mouse kidneys, angiotensin II completely inhibited the stimulation of renin secretion induced by adenylate cyclase activation (isoproterenol) but not by membrane permeable cAMP analogs, supporting the conclusion that the suppressive effect of calcium liberators on renin release is mediated by inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity.[1]


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