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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Disabled-2 is a novel {alpha}IIb-integrin-binding protein that negatively regulates platelet-fibrinogen interactions and platelet aggregation.

Platelet aggregation plays a pivotal role in the haemostatic process and is involved in the pathological counterpart of arterial thrombosis. We have shown that the adapter protein disabled-2 (DAB2) is expressed abundantly in platelets. In this study, DAB2 was found to distribute in the platelet alpha-granules and was released from the granular compartment upon platelet activation. The secreted DAB2 binds to the extracellular region of alphaIIbbeta3 integrin on the platelet surface through the phosphotyrosine-binding domain. The DAB2-platelet interactions result in the inhibition of agonist-induced platelet aggregation with the exception of thrombin, a DAB2 protease that renders DAB2 inactive. Biochemical and mutational analysis revealed that the DAB2 cell-adhesion Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) motif (amino acid residues 64-66) and the alphaIIb-integrin-fibrinogen-binding region (amino acid residues 171-464) are important for the DAB2-platelet interactions. Such interactions compete for the binding of alphaIIb integrin with fibrinogen and provide a mechanism for DAB2 to inhibit platelet aggregation. Accordingly, the synthetic RGD-motif-containing DAB2 peptide PDARGDKM also elicited anti-platelet aggregation activity. These findings demonstrate for the first time that DAB2 is an alphaIIb-integrin-binding protein that plays a novel role in the control of platelet-fibrinogen interactions and platelet aggregation.[1]


  1. Disabled-2 is a novel {alpha}IIb-integrin-binding protein that negatively regulates platelet-fibrinogen interactions and platelet aggregation. Huang, C.L., Cheng, J.C., Stern, A., Hsieh, J.T., Liao, C.H., Tseng, C.P. J. Cell. Sci. (2006) [Pubmed]
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