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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Involvement of Breast Cancer Resistance Protein (BCRP/ABCG2) in the Biliary Excretion and Intestinal Efflux of Troglitazone Sulfate, the Major Metabolite of Troglitazone with a Cholestatic Effect.

Troglitazone sulfate (TGZS) is the major metabolite of troglitazone (TGZ), an antidiabetic agent, and thought to be a cause of the cholestasis induced by TGZ. The aim of the present study is to elucidate the involvement of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) in the hepatic disposition of TGZS. The basal-to-apical transport of TGZS was enhanced in organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1- expressing Madin-Darby canine kidney II cells by infection of recombinant adenovirus harboring human BCRP and mouse Bcrp cDNA. TGZS was given to wild-type and Bcrp (-/-) mice by constant infusion. Biliary excretion is the predominant elimination pathway of TGZS in wild-type mice, and the biliary excretion clearance of TGZS with regard to the hepatic concentration was reduced to 30% of the control in Bcrp (-/-) mice. However, plasma and hepatic concentrations were unchanged, suggesting induction of compensatory mechanisms in Bcrp (-/-) mice for the elimination of TGZS. Involvement of BCRP in the intestinal efflux transport of TGZS was examined using everted sacs. The mucosal efflux clearance of TGZS showed only a slight reduction (15% reduction) in Bcrp (-/-) mice. Our results suggest that BCRP plays a major role in the biliary excretion but a minor role in the intestinal transport of TGZS.[1]


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