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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

beta-Adrenergic blockade during systemic inflammation: Impact on cellular immune functions and survival in a murine model of sepsis.

AIM OF THE STUDY: Adrenergic immuno-modulation mediated by beta-adrenergic receptors has been demonstrated. Pharmacological blockade of beta-adrenergic receptors is a therapeutic intervention frequently used in critically ill patients. The effect of beta-adrenergic blockade on cellular immune functions in a critical illness, such as polymicrobial sepsis, has not been investigated. METHODS: Male NMRI-mice were subjected to sham operation or to sepsis (caecal ligation and puncture, CLP) following administration of either the non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist propranolol (0.5mg/kg s.c. every 12h in 1ml vehicle) or saline 0.9% (1ml s.c. every 12h). Mice were kept in metabolic cages and were sacrificed 48h after induction of sepsis. Survival rate, clinical situation (body weight and temperature, fluid and food intake, urine output), and immunological variables (splenocyte proliferation, apoptosis, and IFN-gamma and IL-6 release) were determined. RESULTS: Administration of propranolol in septic mice increased the splenocyte apoptosis rate, reduced the proliferative capacity of splenocytes, and modulated cellular cytokine release (IL-6, IFN-gamma). This was paralleled by a higher loss of body weight and temperature, and a decreased urine output. Furthermore, treatment with propranolol increased the sepsis-induced lethality from 47% up to 68%, respectively. CONCLUSION: beta-Adrenergic blockade was accompanied by alterations of cellular immune functions, a deterioration in the clinical situation and a reduced survival in a murine model of sepsis. These data demonstrate the potential immuno-modulatory effects of beta-adrenergic antagonists.[1]

References

  1. beta-Adrenergic blockade during systemic inflammation: Impact on cellular immune functions and survival in a murine model of sepsis. Schmitz, D., Wilsenack, K., Lendemanns, S., Schedlowski, M., Oberbeck, R. Resuscitation (2007) [Pubmed]
 
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