The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Stimulation and priming of human neutrophils by interleukin-8: cooperation with tumor necrosis factor and colony-stimulating factors.

Interleukin-8 (IL-8) stimulated an increase in cytoplasmic-free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) and intracellular pH (pHi) in parallel at low concentrations (0.5 to 5 ng/mL), and stimulated O2- release and membrane depolarization in parallel at high concentrations (50 to 5,000 ng/mL). IL-8- induced O2- release was potentiated by tumor necrosis factor (TNF), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and granulocyte-CSF (G-CSF) in a dose-dependent manner, whereas it was inhibited by cyclic AMP agonists. These characteristics and the time-courses of the responses stimulated by IL-8 were similar to those stimulated by N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP), except that the cells stimulated by IL-8 showed shorter duration and less magnitude in some responses. In addition, IL-8 was found to be a potent priming agent and to enhance O2- release stimulated by FMLP. The priming effect of IL-8 was very rapid and was maximal within 5 minutes of preincubation. The dose-response curves for priming were identical to those for triggering of an increase in [Ca2+]i and pHi. The potency of the maximal priming effects on FMLP- induced O2- release was TNF greater than GM-CSF greater than IL-8 greater than G-CSF. The combination of IL-8 and the suboptimal concentrations of TNF or GM-CSF resulted in the additive priming effect, whereas the combination of the optimal concentration of IL-8 and the optimal concentration of TNF, GM-CSF, or G-CSF resulted in the effect of more potent priming agent alone. These findings suggest that IL-8 stimulates or primes human neutrophils according to its concentrations and cross-talks with TNF, GM-CSF, G-CSF, or FMLP at the inflammatory sites.[1]

References

  1. Stimulation and priming of human neutrophils by interleukin-8: cooperation with tumor necrosis factor and colony-stimulating factors. Yuo, A., Kitagawa, S., Kasahara, T., Matsushima, K., Saito, M., Takaku, F. Blood (1991) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities