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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

CD18 Is Required for Intestinal T Cell Responses at Multiple Immune Checkpoints.

The intestinal immune response to oral Ags involves a complex multistep process. The requirements for optimal intestinal T cell responses in this process are unclear. LFA-1 plays a critical role in peripheral T cell trafficking and activation, however, its role in intestinal immune responses has not been precisely defined. To dissect the role of LFA-1 in intestinal immune responses, we used a system that allows for segregation of T cell migration and activation through the adoptive transfer of LFA-1-deficient ( CD18(-/-)) CD4(+) T cells from DO11.10 TCR transgenic mice into wild-type BALB/c mice. We find that wild-type mice adoptively transferred with CD18(-/-) DO11.10 CD4(+) T cells demonstrate decreases in the numbers of Ag-specific T cells in the intestinal lamina propria after oral Ag administration. We also find that in addition to its role in trafficking to intestinal secondary lymphoid organs, LFA-1 is required for optimal CD4(+) T cell proliferation in vivo upon oral Ag immunization. Furthermore, CD18(-/-) DO11.10 CD4(+) T cells primed in the intestinal secondary lymphoid organs demonstrate defects in up-regulation of the intestinal-specific trafficking molecules, alpha(4)beta(7) and CCR9. Interestingly, the defect in trafficking of CD18(-/-) DO11.10 CD4(+) T cells to the intestinal lamina propria persists even under conditions of equivalent activation and intestinal-tropic differentiation, implicating a role for CD18 in the trafficking of activated T cells into intestinal tissues independent of the earlier defects in the intestinal immune response. This argues for a complex role for CD18 in the early priming checkpoints and ultimately in the trafficking of T cells to the intestinal tissues during an intestinal immune response.[1]


  1. CD18 Is Required for Intestinal T Cell Responses at Multiple Immune Checkpoints. Marski, M., Ye, A.L., Abraham, C. J. Immunol. (2007) [Pubmed]
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